How Stem Cell Research can Affect Lives

On Tuesday, December 24th, 2019

What are Stem Cells?

Stem cells are one of the human body’s greatest properties; they are special cells that can also transform into other cell types like brain cells and muscle cells. They are often used for maintenance and repair in various parts of the body. There are three different types of stem cells including adult, embryonic and induced pluripotent. Adult stem cells can only reproduce and repair what they are specifically for, an example of this is that liver stem cells can only produce liver tissue and nothing else. Embryonic stem cells can build upon any cell type, they are considered the master builders in the stem cell realm. The pluripotent stem cells are reprogrammed cells taken from the adult tissue. These stem cells are scientifically manipulated to become any cell type much like embryonic cells. These cells are still very new to us and may not have the same qualities as the others, but it is important to advance our research and manipulation of cells to better improve human beings overall health and quality of life.

Stem Cell Treatments

Stem cells do not have one singular use; they are used for a variety of different things that involve the human body. They are a crucial part of helping people repair damaged tissue after suffering an illness or injury. Tissue regeneration is one of the biggest uses of stem cells. They can produce new skin tissue helping repair wounds of burn victims. They can also grow tissue types for specific organs for transplant patients. So now scientists could quit literally grow their own organs using stem cells. Advancing research with these cells is extremely important. They are very diverse in what they can be used for and we still don’t know every benefit they could possess. There are studies that have been conducted were human stem cells were used in mice to create blood vessels. It was a complete success and the quality of these produced blood vessels was just as good as the original ones. Although this is still a new finding, it could someday help people with cardiovascular disease tremendously. There are many “incurable” diseases that the human brain generates, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s being leading examples. Stem cells could be used to help the damaged cells in the brain that cause these diseases produce new healthy cells. This research looks extremely promising for future generations. Adult cells can also be used for diseases such as leukemia, or immunodeficiency problems. They are able to produce healthy blood cells that fight disease and produce oxygen.

Reverse Aging

This may seem impossible, however it’s true that scientist are working on testing to see if stem cells can reverse aging. Studies have been conducted with rat brain cells with the goal being to further understand the aging process and developing treatments for brain diseases that mostly are related to age. Stem cells in older individuals begin to not function as they did when they were younger. When they took cells from the older rats brains and implanted them into the younger rats, the cells rejuvenated and begin to again behave like the younger cells. This is just a start in showing that the stem cells can reverse in aging and regain lost function. Stem cells in the brain are also responsible for how fast we humans age. The number of brain stem cells in a part of the brain called the hypothalamus is responsible for the speed that the aging process happens. Over time these cells slowly start to decrease. In another study it is shown that this process can be counteracted. They studied the stem cells in the brains of mice and found by 2 years most of their stem cells were completely gone. When they inserted new stem cells into these older mice, they found that the aging process was slowed down and different aspects of aging were diminished altogether. Over time this could lead to human studies and stem cells could be used to slow down or even reverse aging.

Stem cells are an extremely helpful and diverse tool that all of us have within our bodies. We still do not know everything they are capable of, what we do know so far is already revolutionary. The thought of growing organs for patients waiting for transplants, growing new blood vessels for faulty hearts, and even staying young forever are ideas that are completely mind blowing. The future looks a little brighter for humans and science with stem cells by our side.

About - Narendra is the editor of www.thelifestyleis.com, a freelance writer, photographer, style blogger and PR strategist. He loves fashion and style and unashamedly expresses his interests.

Tags:
Posted in others

comment closed